The Colombian Constitutional Court will decide on Thursday Two cases in which the entire abortion was to be acquitted, A crime punishable by one to four years in prison.
Women’s rights groups and anti-abortion activists will protest around the court, which has nine magistrates. A verdict requires at least five votes in one direction.
One of the lawsuits, which seeks to decriminalize abortion as a whole, was filed by the Gaza Justa movement, which brings together more than 45 women’s organizations and women’s rights defenders, who consider crimes to be a “major obstacle” to preventing women. The most vulnerable are those who choose to voluntarily interrupt the pregnancy based on recognized reasons.
In Colombia, abortion was legalized by the same court in 2006 for only three reasons: if the woman’s life or health was in danger, if there was a serious defect in the fetus, or if the pregnancy was the result of rape or sexual intercourse.
“If it rules in favor, the court says abortion should be removed from the national penal code, and of course the court may order the Ministry of Health or the regular Congress – as it did in same-sex marriage – but under the framework it can no longer be a crime,” he said. Associated Press Paula Avila Guillain, Managing Director of the Center for Women’s Equality.
In Latin America, many countries have made progress in legalizing abortion or have accepted exceptions. In Argentina, Cuba, Guyana, French Guiana and Uruguay it is legal to conceive between eight and 14 weeks, depending on the country.
Chile is the only country that allows pregnancy to be terminated in the event of rape, miscarriage or endangering the life of the mother. However, according to the Center for Reproductive Rights, the regulation is total in Nicaragua, Haiti, El Salvador and the Dominican Republic.