Por Ernesto Hernández Lacher
Periodista de la Redacción Internacional de Prensa Latina
The PSB accepted the mandate of the president of the nation, Roumen Radev, through his parliamentary spokesperson, Georgi Svilenski, who visited the mandate accompanied by other leaders of the formation, including his leader, Kornelia Ninova.
Haremos todo lo posible para formar gobierno porque el país pide calma y certainty, affirmed el vocero, cited por la prensa nacional. Svilensk affirmed that he would speak later on who will be the Prime Minister, after receiving the mandate of the mandate.
El PSB hopes to sum up four parties to a coalition that will integrate Democratic Bulgaria, Existe Tal Pueblo y Seguimos con el Cambio, del saliente chief of government Kiril Petkov.
Movimiento por los Derechos y Libertades, y Ciudadanos por el Desarrollo Europeo de Bulgaria (GERB), of former Prime Minister Boiko Borisov, quedaron fuera de las opciones para la nueva gubernamental alliance.
Protests against Borisov’s executive in July 2020 precipitated his fall and generated the crisis of ingovernability that the poorest nation of the European Union is experiencing today. En ese entonces, the demonstrators accused the director of the GERB and the fiscal general, Ivan Geshev, of serving the interests of the mafia and not the citizens.
Pero como telón de fundo there was a strong political tension between the Executive and the president, close to the then socialist opposition, which added to the almost total distrust of the population in the State and in the political system, which they considered plagued by Corruption from accusations that affected Borisov.
That year there were three general elections in the middle, in addition to the health crisis generated by the pandemic of Covid-19 and tempered by the rise of the antivaccine movement.
ASCENSO Y DECADENCIA DE KIRIL PETKOV
After a year of instability, protests and Covid-19, the National Assembly (Parliament) approved in mid-December the then nascent executive formed by the aforementioned four parties and led by Kiril Petkov.
Los 134 deputados de la coalition votaron a favor de su jefe de gobierno, 104 parlamentarios se manifestaron en contra y dos no accudieron al plebiscito.
Among the priorities sobresalía the announced zero tolerance to corruption, the fight against poverty, economic growth and development of the country, which pointed to a divorce with the management of the previous executive.
Petkov promised his voters “absolute transparency of every public money spent” and the supremacy of the law before immunity, which analysts considered a clear reference to Borisov.
He urged the population to get vaccinated against Covid-19 and qualified that option as the only way to avoid the confinement of children and adults, according to reports from the national press. The pandemic affected here more than a million 189 thousand people and provoked the death of a figure superior to 37 thousand, according to statistics from the health authorities.
To overcome the population’s mistrust of health institutions, Petkov chose virology professor Radka Argirova to oversee the immunization program.
At that time, the Bulgarian political scientist Antoaneta Hristova considered that the governor should focus his mandate on seeking a solution to the health, economic and social crisis, but he gave a short life to the executive due to the ideological differences between the four partners, which was later confirmed. .
On the other hand, their actions in foreign policy were totally aligned with the positions of the Organization of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the EU, to the point of turning their backs on Russia in the midst of the war in Ukraine and summarizing the position de sanctions de Occidente contra ese país euroasiático.
The most recent action of the executive of Sofia against Moscow was the expulsion of 70 Russian diplomats under accusations of espionage, to which the Kremlin responded with the warning of a possible rupture of diplomatic relations.
Bulgaria and the Russian Federation have a relationship of many years and of great importance for the destiny of the country, Petkov indicated then and added: “We respect the Russian people and value our cultural, historical, social and economic ties”.
But these declarations did not prevent Radev’s PSB from withdrawing political support just when he was trying to form a new government, after losing a no-confidence motion in the National Assembly.
In addition, one of the partners of the coalition, Existe Tal Pueblo, decided in June to withdraw its four ministers, after accusing Petkov of bad management with the public money and wanting to lift the Bulgarian veto at the beginning of the EU entry negotiations. de la vecina Macedonia del Norte.
The two countries disagree on the common past and Sofia demands more guarantees from its counterpart for the rights of ethnic Bulgarians.
Tras la caida del gobierno de Petkov, the coalition that now governs de forma interina only occupies 109 of the 240 seats of the unicameral legislature.
En ese scenario sobrevino, además, the destitution of the president of the National Assembly, Nikola Minchev, for alleged violations of the Constitution and the parliamentary rules of procedure.
Sobre el Partido Socialista de Bulgaria, en el que militario el mandatorio Roumen Radev, recae ahora la responsabilidade de lograr la estabilidad politica en la nación del sueste europeo, questión que parece difícil tras más de años de crisis, demonstrations y distrust in las institutions .