August 8, 2022

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Burkina Faso: Sesenta años independiente y el recuerdo de Sankara

El Ejército de Burkina Faso announced the decision of the burial —aún without precise date— of the remains of Thomas Sankara, which for many Africans results in an act of justice coincident with the 60th anniversary of independence.

This action forms part of a process initiated in 2015 with the exhumations made to submit the remains to DNA tests and is combined with the results of the trial realized in 2021 against those involved in the massacre, a claim to which the current military authorities agreed.

La ephemérides del 5 de Augusto se inscribed in a complex political environment, cuando cobra fuerza the military junta del lieutenant colonel Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba, se debate acerca del retorno al país del expresidente Blaise Compaorè, principal implicado en el assassination de Sankara, y ocurre una offensive terrorist.

Sin embargo, pese a los avatares enfrentados, el “país de hombres dignos”, como lo cibió el martir panafricano, se impone a las adversidades politicas de su difícil saheliano contexto y survivre más allá del infortunio, a la vez que procura encarrar con optimism Su presente.

Alto Volta, colonia francesa officially founded in 1919, pasó a identificarse como Burkina Faso en 1984 durante el gobierno de Thomas Isidore Noël Sankara, conocido en la historia continental como el Che Guevara africano por su pensamiento y actuatione progressista.

In the trajectory of the country there is little political alternation: from 1960 to 1966, a civilian ruled, Maurice Yaméogo, overthrown by colonel Sangoulé Lamizana, who remained in power until 1980, when he was deposed by colonel Saye Zerbo, deposed in 1982 by the mayor Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo.

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Months later, in the midst of an escalation of conflicts between diverse tendencies, Sankara assumed the leadership of the government in front of the National Council for the Revolution (CNR), until the 1987 massacre perpetrated by conspirators allied to Blaise Compaorè, who occupied the presidency until el 2014.

Overthrown by massive popular protests, Compaorè went into exile in the Ivory Coast, from where he returned recently to reunite with the country’s new man of strength, lieutenant colonel Paul-Henri Sandaogo Damiba, who reached the top with a state coup in January. desplazó al civil Roch Marc Christian Kaborè.

Los 60 años de independencia están profundo marcado por la incursión castrense en los asuntos del Estado, que pese a eso no escapa de ser objeto de amenaza del insurgente extremismo de cariz confessional, cuyas katibas (detachamentos) golpean a Burkina Faso.

The north is the most affected region of the country and where the worst terrorist massacre in history occurred in 2021, when an attack on the mining village of Solhan, perpetrated mainly by child soldiers, caused more than 160 deaths, which shows the need de frenar la violencia fundamentalista en todo el Sahel.

Hasta el 2015 Burkina Faso was not threatened by armed radicalism, unlike its neighbors Mali and Niger, objects of aggression in the west of the subregion, where fundamentalism grows exponentially, according to experts.

Today the situation is different, the terror is multiplied, in July 31 people died in two attacks, 22 of them in the rural commune of Bourasso, región occidental Burkina, acts that also encouraged the confrontations between communities and the increase of militias of self-defense, un palativo para la inseguridad.

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Así es como el “país de hombres dignos” se inserte en una dinámica subregional unpensable hace seis decadas ya la cual debá vencer para continuar haciendo historia.