Brenza spoke to the organization’s deputy director general Maria Helena Semedo in Latin Rome, a Cape Verdean expert whose work contributes to shaping a new global story in which agriculture is recognized as a solution to problems ranging from dietary change to management. Climate change.
The world faces complex and intertwined challenges such as climate change, global health, economic inequality and loss of biodiversity; All have implications for food security and hunger in the world.
Semoto, winner of the prestigious Brix de la Foundation (Foundation Prize) and Gold Medal of the Grans Montana Forum in Brussels for recognizing the need for shared solutions to common threats, acknowledged a firm belief in the importance of food security, nutrition and sustainable agriculture. In the fight against the root causes of hunger and poverty.
“In order to respond in a sustainable way in the long run, holistic measures and consistent policies are essential in all agri-food systems,” he added.
Governments, the private sector, local communities, indigenous peoples, women and youth; Scientists, researchers and civil society, full-fledged actors in society are needed in this war, the leading Cape Verdean economist, politician and expert on global development matters, more than 30 are in the public service.
He noted that the FAO operates in a strategic framework, “focusing on agrarian diets, greater productivity, better nutrition, better environment and better living without leaving anyone behind.”
In this endeavor, we support the development of countries’ organizational and technological capabilities, the provision of concrete solutions based on evidence, knowledge and innovation, and the promotion of international dialogue in support of the integration of food security, agriculture, forestry and fisheries. International Climate Change Agenda.
In this regard, he highlights the FAO’s role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) emissions and adapting them to reform and implement the Nationally Regulated Contributions (NDCs) that represent the commitments accepted by countries.
This includes roadmaps, cost-benefit analysis and stakeholder participation activities at the national and sub-national levels in 45 countries across all regions.
Dr. Honaris Cos Lisbon of the University of Aberta, Semato, is responsible for monitoring and evaluating adaptation activities in the agricultural sector and other land applications in accordance with the Paris Agreement, measuring emissions, reporting and verifying countries, and for its work on global sustainable development.
Improving experiences and good practices
In an interview with Brenza Latina, FAO’s Deputy Director General, the organization facilitates the exchange of experiences and good practices between countries and organizations through a variety of platforms, and further digitization of valuable knowledge and science accessible to all.
It enables countries to access valuable resources to create recessions, mitigate and mitigate climate impacts, through access to green climate funding and global ecosystems.
Both tools have contributed more than a billion dollars to the FAO, which is used at the national level, said the expert, who was her country’s first female minister: in the fisheries, agriculture and rural affairs sector, and later in the tourism, transport and maritime affairs, and later the Cape Verdean MP.
Semado pointed out that in order to involve more people, it is necessary to give voice to the urgency of countries in international forums. Opportunities to reach the world of 1.5 degrees (the limit of global warming stated in the Paris Agreement) by keeping nature in the origin of our actions, this woman was awarded the Order of Honor of Rio Franco by the Government of Brazil, which was given to distinguish special services and civic virtues.
How to change vulnerable food security? How do international organizations, governments, organizations and people respond?
Semoto answered these and other questions from Brenza Latina, who has accumulated previous experience as FAO representative in Niger, sub-regional representative of Africa and sub-regional coordinator of West Africa.
One of the main objectives of the FAO is to work for food security, and he pointed out that climate change affects four dimensions of food security: food availability, accessibility, utilization and sustainability.
There was no answer to this challenge, he said, arguing that all countries should identify adequate solutions to achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement, which integrates key aspects of sustainable development, food security and conservation, management and recovery of natural resources. They are all interconnected, he said.
He appraised the transformation of agro-food systems that address all at once the sustainable management of natural resources, including hunger, food insecurity, inequality and biodiversity.
We all know that our current production and consumption patterns are simply unsustainable, he said.
He explained that this change must occur in three interconnected ways: by changing the way food production, processing and distribution are distributed across the value chain; Transforming diets towards healthy eating, and reducing inequalities and ensuring access to healthy food for all.
He also explained how the FAO supports countries in efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and deforestation, for example complementary initiatives such as the UN-Red Project and the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility, the Central Africa Forest Initiative and the Great Green Wall.
In summary, he said, “Transformed agricultural diets can provide safe and nutritious food for our tables, farms with good survival can prevent the spread of zoonotic diseases that can later spread to humans, and the prudent use of antibiotics in agriculture can prevent the spread of Superbux.”
Agriculture between causes and effects
According to the FAO, 29 percent of GHG emissions come from the supply chain that brings food from the farm to the table. Agriculture is known to be a major source of emissions, mainly caused by deforestation and unsustainable livestock practices, poor soil and nutrient management.
On this question, Semado confirmed that agricultural emissions are an important component of emissions from the agro-food system, which goes beyond activities related to farmers’ fields and land use.
These include processes such as food production, refrigeration and transportation, food supply chains, retail processes, food consumption and food waste disposal.
However, “there is great potential for reducing greenhouse gas emissions within agricultural diets to achieve the objectives of the Paris Agreement, and we must take advantage of them:”
In conclusion, he addressed the importance of including family and small-scale farmers in all solutions, so all mitigation efforts should have parallel benefits for adaptation, food security and socio-economic dimensions.
At the Summit on the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals (STGs) and the Next Diet, the FAO President will address the UN. Secretary-General Antonio Guterres recalled the meeting. SDGs have less than a decade to reach them.
The summit will present bold new steps to improve the 17 STGs, each based on a highly efficient, sustainable, inclusive and flexible diet.
In fact, evidence shows that agrarian diets are one of the few entry points that will make real progress in achieving SDGs.
He said the general purpose of the pre-summit event, which is based in Rome, was to have a common goal of coordinating the work in a general sense and initiating action tasks that would establish an ambitious tone in the pre-meeting period.
What are the FAO’s expectations for COP26?
The conference will also provide an opportunity for countries and the private sector to pledge a decade of transition to achieve net zero emissions across all sectors through high ambitious CDNs by 2050.
“Our biggest commitment is to achieve a decarbonized world by 2050,” he said.
He said the meeting, to be held next November, would also inform countries of the progress of Coronivia’s joint work on agriculture.
An important decision taken under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change recognized the unique potential of agriculture to tackle climate change.
It is about developing agriculture as part of the solution to climate change, and countries have agreed to work together on this issue, thus guaranteeing both agricultural growth and greater food security and reduced emissions. Very important work for FAO.
The collaborative work focuses on soil-related issues, nutrient utilization, water, livestock, adaptation assessment methods and the socio-economic and food security dimensions of climate change in agriculture, he said.
Therefore, he stressed, the next steps for the Coronavia process are very important and I hope COP26 will be a good opportunity to close this process.
The FAO supports the President of the United Kingdom, for example, by promoting a global campaign to “transform agricultural inventions into people, nature and climate.”
Through this, it seeks to invest in agricultural research and achieve new solutions in our diets to achieve SDGs, the 1.5 degree temperature target and the collective fight for a climate-neutral and resilient world, he said.
This will be our biggest engagement in Glasgow at COP26. Let’s see if the world is reunited, determined, and ambitious, he concluded.
Orp / Junior High School