The brutal administration of the current administration has exhausted the patience of millions of people who are concerned about the deteriorating economic situation and the weakening of democracy.
In February 2019, after six months in power, the government of Ivan Duke was warned of a critical human rights situation.
The alarming increase in killings was clearly warned by the High Commissioner for Human Rights’ report on the selective and systematic killing of community leaders and ex-combatants of the former Guerrilla Revolutionary Armed Forces (FARC-EP) of the Colombian-People’s Army.
At that time, the government expressed its position to date: a definite denial of the facts. Not only did he refrain from acknowledging the seriousness of what he had done, but he also described the report as biased, and the UN. He accused the office of undue interference and the usual behavior of dictatorial regimes when serious human rights violations occur.
By collaborating with the United Nations to defend human rights in Colombia, President Duck abandoned the diplomatic tradition of previous governments of various ideologies.
There are currently 24 agencies in the Colombian area. In response to the Democratic Center, the ruling party, through its Congress leader, Ernesto Magias, should propose the expulsion of all these organizations. This report was submitted to the UN. Demonstrates study of the political structure of government in relation to agencies.
Colombia saw massive protests in November 2019, not only in Bogot, but in many cities across the country. This mobilization is against the economic model, against possible pension reform and to demand respect for the Havana agreements signed with the FARC-EP in 2016, which the government hates without any hindrance and excludes itself from its state responsibility.
These demonstrations are arbitrary and do not serve the interests of political parties. Thousands of students, youths, Afro-descendants, aborigines, men and women of different socio-economic and ethnic backgrounds took to the streets, but the authorities ignored the mobilization.
The epidemic could have been an opportunity for the government to regain confidence and start a dialogue process aimed at moving towards a new social agreement, but nothing has been done.
This system was outraged by a reform that left the weight of the post-epidemic economic recovery without prior consultation with the middle class. With the withdrawal of this bill the spirits did not calm down and the struggles continued.
According to the voluntary charity Temporus, the balance is tragic: 43 deaths, more than 1,200 arbitrary detentions and 855 victims of physical violence. Therefore, the government chose brutality, criminalization of social movements, and plans to restore order through terrorism.
Instead of gathering broad social dialogue across all regions, the government has dedicated itself to managing the crisis in Bogot, locked in Gaza de Narino, where it has elected leaders representing narrow factions.
But so far, there has not even been a public conversation with Gustavo Pedro, the second-placed main rival in the 2018 presidential election.
The crisis cannot be tackled without demonstrating a firm and lasting willingness for dialogue on the part of the government with all sectors of Colombian society.
It is imperative that the President order an immediate end to the repression and issue a public apology for human rights abuses. The criminalization of protesters must end in that country, which is one of the most unequal in the world.
Similarly, the re-implementation of the peace agreement is fundamental to the stability of the country. The abandonment of the Havana Accords often explains the resurgence of violent practices, manifested in assassinations and select massacres.
A new social contract is very urgent in the recent history of Colombia. Facing a government with its eyes closed, the international community must stand with Colombian civil society and act accordingly. This phrase written by Gabriel Garcia Marquez allows us to ensure that time cannot pass without making noise.
arb / pl-mjj
Pierre Lebrett is a political scientist, expert in Latin America, and Mauricio Jaramillo Jazeer is a professor at the University of Colombia del Rosario.