October 7, 2022

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Estados Unidos supera los dos miliones de immigrantes detenidos por primera vez en un año | Internacional

Aún sin terminar septembre, Estados Unidos ha batido este lunes el registero de arrestos de immigrantes en la borderera con México. For the first time, the number of people detained in the American territory after crossing the Rio Bravo has exceeded two million people in a year. Aunque esperada de acuerdo a varias projecciones, la cifra pone más presión sobre la Administración del presidente Joe Biden, quien maneuver para que la immigración irregular no se convierta, junto con la economia, en los temas centrales que guín las elecciones legislativas de noviembre. El hito llega en un momento donde los governores republicanos están usando a los immigrantos as part of the political gameenviándolos en buses y aviones fletados con dirección a bastiones démócratas del norte del país.

Los agents de la patrolla borderiza detuvenor durante Augusto a 203.598 persons. Ha sido el colofón de un intenso verano, la época del año en la que major flujo migratorio se nota en la frontera entre México y EE UU. Mayo ya anunciaba la tendencia al alza. En ese mes fueron arrestadas 293.000 personas, lo que ya significaba un aumento respecto a April. Las autoridades del Servicio de Aduanas y Protección Borderiza (CBP, por las siglas en inglés) estiman que para el end del año fiscal 2022 (que se quantifica de September de 2021 al cierre de este mes) se habrán hecho más de 2.3 million detenciones . This figure contemplates that a single person may have been detained more than once thanks to a norm imposed by Donald Trump in the pandemic. Conservada por Biden. This permits the rapid deportation of immigrants, quienes pueden volver a attemptar el cruce días después.

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The historic number was reached thanks to the increase in the arrival of Cubans, Venezuelans and Nicaraguans to the United States. Estos representan un tercio de los detenidos de Augusto. “The failed communist regimes in Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba are causing a new migratory wave in the western hemisphere, which includes an increase in apprehensions on the southern border,” CBP Commissioner Chris Magnus said in a statement. The official has explained this Monday that the lack of diplomatic relations with these three countries has made it difficult to deport these citizens back to their nations.

In addition, citizens from Russia and Ukraine are affected by the war initiated by Vladimir Putin en el east de Europe sumaron las llegadas a lo largo del año fiscal, aunque este type de immigrants han sido recibidos con un proceso distinto por las authoridades migratorias.

In total, the CBP will have made 600,000 detentions this fiscal year more than last year, which closed with 1.7 million encounters, the euphemism with which surveillance actions are reported on the border with Mexico.

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Although the migration of Mexicans is still at levels higher than those recorded during the Trump administration, the detention of these and Central Americans decreased by 43% compared to the same figure in August 2021. The drop responds to the pressure from Washington on los gobiernos regionales para controlar y reducir el flujo desde los países expulsores, a task that has fallen in the hands of the vice president, Kamala Harris. An official of the Departamento de Seguridad Interior has explained this Monday that the EE UU has mobilized 23,000 agents along the borders of Mexico, Guatemala and Honduras, to discourage the migration of migrants to the north. The effort has given fruit, de acuerdo al portavoz, pues se ha brakenado el avance de unos 57.000 migrants.

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Este no solo es el año más transitado. It is also the most deadly for those who undertake travel from their countries, especially if they originate in the northern triangle of Central America. La Patrulla Borderiza reported in August that in the current fiscal year, the death of more than 200 migrants had been documented in the district of Del Río, the hot zone of irregular immigration and where a sharp rise in drownings was registered thanks to a la subida del río. The number is an enormous jump compared to deaths in other years. Between 1998 and 2020, the average number of deaths in that area never exceeded 50. Two years ago, inclusive, the total number of deaths in more than three thousand kilometers of the common border was 247.

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