In an interview with Brenza Latina, he explained that the authorities in Addis Ababa have implemented an economic reform agenda to transform Ethiopia from an agricultural low-income country to an industrialized low-middle-income country by 2030.
It will require – he pointed out – a major effort from all economic sources, including the private sector, amid the declining financial capacity of the state.
These efforts include the complex political and social reforms of a country with more than 80 ethnic communities and nationalities, which have their own languages, different cultures and traditions, and must achieve equality and peaceful coexistence.
Similarly, they strengthen democratic institutions, national and local governance, strengthen civil society, guarantee human rights and political parties, the ambassador said.
As part of this change, general elections are being held on June 22 for the 40 million Ethiopians who will be chosen from among 47 party candidates. Observers from the African Union (AU) and the European Union, in addition to 111 national observers, were invited to vote, he said.
One of the key features of the Comprehensive Economic Plan, the Great Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, GERT In its abbreviated English, Blue Nile, Ethiopia contributes 86 per cent to its flow, but has not yet benefited.
He said the hydropower plant built there would help electrify 60 per cent of the rural population without electricity today and sell energy to border countries.
Neighboring Sudan and especially Egypt express fears that this work will reduce the flow of the Nile. Addis Ababa maintains that it builds on the basis of internationally accepted policies for its equitable and fair use and without causing significant damage to river crossing countries.
Over the months, tripartite talks have taken place, especially the last meetings under the auspices of the AU but no agreement has yet been reached.
One of the major internal challenges is the normalization of life in the northern region of Tigray, where local leaders broke with the central government by the end of 2020.
Amid political deterioration, the People’s Front for the Liberation of Tigris attacked national security forces, cities and public facilities, and the military responded to restore law and order.
Ambassador Kedida promised that the government would provide humanitarian assistance to local people with the help of international organizations and work to rehabilitate social institutions and rebuild damaged infrastructure, telecommunications and electricity.
In the midst of these efforts, the Ethiopian government condemned the infiltration of Sudanese troops into the border areas, attacking and looting farmers, destroying crops and occupying areas.
The ambassador confirmed that Ethiopia had demanded Sudan’s withdrawal from the affected areas and promised to resolve the border issue through dialogue and globally established rules.
Addis Ababa reserves the right to defend itself if Khartoum violates international law and bilateral agreements, Kedah said.