The political abode of is not a secret to anyone Gabriel Garcia Marquez Located on the left. During his lifetime, the Colombian writer and journalist was a close man to such governments on the continent and a reliable defender of human rights, while Latin America was led by many dictatorships, including Chile.
In this context, the author One hundred years of loneliness Became the target of interest to National Security Directorate (DNS), The political intelligence service of the PRI regime in Mexico, a party that has ruled the country for 71 years.
The biggest concern Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) Garcia Marquez’s closeness with Cuba – especially due to his friendship Fidel Castro– and with other governments and guerrillas associated with the left in the region. In fact, the author once declared that he was inspired by the process of revolution and is one of the greatest symbols of the culture that supported such a milestone.
According to the review Country, The author’s file from the late 1960s, when the author founded his home in Mexico, until 1985, the last year of the DNS’s operation.
Had access to the Spanish newspaper More than a hundred reports By a formal request for transparency before the nation’s public archives. There, not only personal follow-up at public events and private meetings, but also photographs of visitors to his private home and a detailed record of his travels to Cuba since 1975 are recorded.
Garcia Marquez’s relationship with Cuba began in January 1959, shortly after the victory of the revolution. After the writer is invited as a reporter, he spends six months in the Caribbean Latin Press (Co-founded by the Cuban Telecommunications Institute Editor). There his attraction to the island was confirmed.
However, gradually the novelist began to distance himself from revolutionary ideals, perhaps frustrated by the less collective and personal attention they were beginning to receive, which is why from 1967 he decided to settle in Barcelona. Latin American like Peruvian Mario Vargas Losa.
News of the Chilean coup against the President in the entire Catalan House Salvador Allende in 1973 The need arose for Garcia Marquez to re-approach Cuba with the intention of reactivating his militant press. Jaime Apollo, Friend and director Cabo Foundation, Garcia Marquez commented, “I have come to say that I am ready to write literature again until Pinochet falls.”
About this, many years later, in an interview Washington Post, The Colombian declared: “I allowed Pinochet to stop me from writing. In other words, I was subject to self-censorship. In turn, I did not expect the dictatorship of Chile to last so long.”
This second level – marked by our country’s coincidences – would be too high in terms of DFS spying on Nobel. Not only did he record his Havana visits and friendships with him Fidel Castro, But supportive measures Sandinistas His intervention in Nicaragua or in exchange for anonymity, so Mexican television will show an interview Guerrilla Army Leaders of El Salvador. El Boyce, in addition, points out that there is information about what he encountered Regis Debray, French revolutionary and comrade Che Guevara.
Another fact: according to a document dated March 17, 1982, the Colombian relinquished all rights to the Cuban government – his hit Chronicle of a Death Fordold – published a year ago.
The Foundation of Habeas, An organization created by Garcia Marquez to defend human rights, particularly focusing on political prisoners, has also aroused the interest of Mexican spies. Whoever the DFS informant is, El Bais summarizes Habees’ intentions with the following words: “The idea of political persecution lurks behind guerrilla groups that support Marxist-Leninist ideology, both financially and legally.”
The organization was mobilized against the dictatorships of various indicators such as Argentina, Chile and Panama. Even in countries like Colombia, although dictatorial rule was not established, there was a full range of guerrillas.
Mexican investigator Jacinto Rodriguez -Currently producing a book on DFS spying for intellectuals of the time-, Garcia Marquez points out in the Spanish media that the file shows a smooth follow-up compared to the harassment received by other characters. “He did not stop being a foreigner who could not engage in national affairs and always acted with extreme caution,” says the educator.
To counter the “Cabo” case, the researcher exemplifies spying. Octavio Boss, Whose income and debts were reviewed; And Argentina Julio Cortazar, Whose personal correspondence was intercepted.
In the 1970s, repression intensified in Mexico after an alliance between the military and police, and systematic and bloody persecution of PRI protesters began. Although Garcியாa M்க்rquez is known to be a staunch opponent of dictatorial and genocidal regimes, the extent of the author’s introspection on issues of interest to or directly affecting Mexico from the Cabo Foundation continues to be a “gray area.” His biography.
However, Rodriguez points out that “many contacts, doors that can be opened by closely following someone who is very well connected, did not care as much about him as he was on the right side”. In this context, the classified files point to a series of characters who came to meet Garcia Marquez at his home.
Although the names are interspersed, the documents refer to the personalities of the time General Secretary of the Communist Party of Chile And this Political Adviser to the Embassy in Cuba. It should be noted that, according to some, the relatively “sluggishness” he refers to in countries with human rights abuses, including Mexico, is one of the things the author criticizes.
Mexican investigator warns that, most likely, the files shared by the nation’s public archive transparency represent a sample of all documents related to the Colombian author, and they are classified. However, the analysis of DNS intelligence documents to conclude the biography of the Nobel Prize winner for literature sheds light on Garcia Marquez and the supreme representative Magical realism In our region.