All three plants in Brockdorf, Emsland and Gröhnde in northern Germany will cease operation on the last day of 2021, and by the end of 2022 the plants in Neckarshaim 2, Isar 2 and Gundremingen C in the south will face the same fate. Germany will become a nuclear-free country.
The nuclear blockade is being carried out amid a generalized consensus – the only group openly opposed in the Bundestag is the far-right AfD – but the path to it, which began in 1998, has been marked by intense political controversy.
The Social Democrats were also pro-nuclear until the 1980s, but with the rise of the anti-nuclear struggle marked by the Chernobyl disaster in 1986, it took a turn.
The consensus for the 2001 law was that all power plants should be shut down after 32 years of operation. In 2002, one year after the law, nuclear energy in Germany represented a 30 percent energy matrix. Coal is 52 percent and renewables 8 percent.
Renewable energies are close to 50% of the energy matrix
Currently renewables are close to 50 percent of the energy matrix, while nuclear energy represents only 12.5 percent.
However, the high reserve of coal in the energy matrix, 31.9 percent in the third quarter, is gradually becoming the lunar part of the nuclear resistance with negative effects on the fight against climate change. (efe, ntv)