September 21, 2021

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In Latin America and the Caribbean, Govt 19 ப்பட்டுள்ள is the area most affected by employment by workers

Covit 19 has been recognized as one of the worst-affected regions in Latin America and the Caribbean by the crisis created by the epidemic. This was confirmed by Vinicius Pinhiro, director of the International Labor Organization (ILO) for the region. Global Report “Global Employment and Social Vision: Trends 2021”.

Photo: taken from elceo.com

The report, released at the opening of the 109th International Labor Conference in its first session on Monday, welcomes delegates from 187 ILO member states, stating that the unemployment rate in our region has already reached 11.1 percent. The 28 million working people do not earn enough to stay with their families above the poverty line.

It also points out that Latin America and the Caribbean experienced a sharp decline in working hours in 2020 (equivalent to more than 30 million jobs due to layoffs and reduced working hours) and yet in the first months of 2021, the percentage of work hours lost in the second quarter of 2020 was estimated at 30 percent The region is showing a recovery, as it has declined – the worst moment of the crisis – to 11 percent. .

According to Pinheiro, “To face the future, we must take into account the pre-epidemic situation, small employment, high informal and strong inequality, slow growth, pre-existing conditions of controlling resistance and the ability to respond in an unprecedented way. Crisis with catastrophic consequences ”.

The ILO Regional Director recalled that before the epidemic, the region was recovering from waves of social upheaval and political instability in many countries, and that at this time social dialogue was more relevant than ever to form consensus and define effective strategies. They are successfully implemented.

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The report warns of the possibility of a slowdown in the employment recovery in the region, particularly formal employment, which will have an impact on the informal growth, in which Vinicius Pinhiro called for extraordinary measures to rebuild labor markets. Employment is at the center of a country’s economic recovery because economic growth without job creation will increase social unrest and affect political stability.

“The gradual and random recovery of the world economy is expected to begin in the second half of 2021, driven by advances in vaccination and large-scale budget spending. Most of these positive effects will have a limited geographical purpose unless international measures are agreed on, both in the distribution of vaccines and debt relief. . ”Says the document.

Discourse figures

– The regional unemployment rate, which was 8.0 percent in 2019, will rise to 10.3 percent in 2020 and reach 11.1 percent in 2021; That means about 34 million people will be looking for work without finding a job.
– By 2022, the rate will drop to 8.9 percent, although high levels of uncertainty are affecting data estimates.
– At the worst moment of 2020, about 23 million people left the workforce, and by 2021, about 17 million people will have returned.
– Recovery is expected to create 100 million jobs this year and more than 80 million by 2022. However, employment for 2021 will be lower than it was before the crisis.
– Working poverty will increase from 23 million to 28 million by 5 million people by 2020, of whom nearly 9 million are in extreme poverty.
– It is estimated that 8.8 per cent of total working hours will be lost by 2020, equivalent to 255 million full-time workers working in one year.
– Global Earned Income Excluding Represented Replacements and Public Privileges in 2020: $ 3.7 trillion (8.3 percent) lower than non-epidemic.
– Another 108 million workers are now very or moderately poor – in relation to 2019 -; That is, they and their family members must live less than 20 3.20 a day.
– Many workers who were inactive will enter the workforce, but will not find employment, leading to a sustained and steep rise in unemployment from 187 million in 2019 to 220 million in 2020, 220 million in 2021 and 205 million in 2022.
– Prior to the COVID-19 crisis, the unemployment rate for 2022 was 5.7 percent, the last time it was recorded in 2013.

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Collected ratings Report (Despite the high level of uncertainty).

What lies ahead

The new ILO report, which is currently being discussed as part of the 109th International Labor Conference, states that many companies, especially micro and small enterprises, are already facing bankruptcy or a very uncertain future, adversely affecting their future productivity and their ability to retain workers and the most affected by economic activity This issue is very pressing: accommodation and restaurant services, wholesale and retail, construction and manufacturing industries.

Similarly, it refers to the impact on informal workers who are informally affected because “the irregular impact of the crisis relates to the level of work skills, which in another way increases social inequality”.

This crisis threatens to affect the advancement of gender equality because women still face many job losses, while their unpaid working hours increase; Young people are affected at a crucial time in their lives, making it difficult to move from school or university to work. “COVID-19 further illustrates the impact on migrant workers,” he says.

Therefore, according to the ILO study – it is necessary to adopt a comprehensive and integrated and people-centered political agenda:

  1. Encouraging broader economic growth and productive employment creation by investing in sectors that can provide decent jobs and support fair change, gender equality and dynamic labor markets;
  2. Supporting active labor market policies, public employment services and high-quality support services provided by the public sector, especially for those most affected by the crisis, such as housing income and labor market changes;
  3. Strengthen institutional foundations for inclusive, sustainable and flexible economic growth and development, promote social security systems, promote regularization and ensure that all workers, regardless of their contractual status, collectively enjoy the rights to freedom of association and negotiation, and receive conditions and adequate minimum wages ;
  4. Participate in community dialogue to develop people-centered recovery strategies and their effective implementation is the result of dialogue and dialogue between governments, employers and labor organizations.
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Vinicius Pinhiro, regional director of the ILO, defines this as the four pillars of job recovery after the epidemic: economic and employment stimulation; Supporting businesses, jobs and income; Protecting workers in the workplace; Seek solutions through social dialogue.