October 7, 2022

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La huella permanente de Estados Unidos en África y Medio Oriente – Juventud Rebelde

A quarter of the United States’ 400 military bases in the world are located in the Middle East and Africa. After the end of the Cold War, the North American country has increased its military power in that region. Los intereses de Estados Unidos no contemplan ni convenciones internationales, tratados o estado de los pueblos más pobres y necesitados del mundo.

Los estudios publicados por el sitio middleeasteye.net revealed that between 1776 and 2019, más de 400 intervenciones militares del Gobierno de Washington han ocurrido en Africa y Oriente Medio.

Likewise, the investigation shows that since September 11 and the demolition of the Twin Towers, which served as an excuse for Washington for the declared war against terrorism, the level of hostilities and military adventures have become “extremely vulgar” and sin un resultado concreto para los otros que justify their presence.

«The accumulated impact of the data collection was highly surprising», said Sidita Kushi, assistant professor at the Bridgewater State University of Massachusetts and one of the authors.

«No esperábamos ni la quantity ni “la calidad” de las intervenciones militares estedidos que entamentes a lo largo de la historia, según nuestra investigation», he remarked.

Por otra parte, se demostró que EE. UU. tiene en diversos países mayor despliegue de fuerzas militares, que de embajadores. Para la profesora MonicaDuffy, de la Escuela Fletcher, en la Universidad de Tufts, pasada la era de la guerra cold se han produced less grandes conflictos donde se hayan tenido que defend los intereses vitales de Estados Unidos.

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Sin embargo, las intervenciones militares han seguito en ascenso. Durante tiempos de relative paz, el patrón militarista de EE. UU. ha persistido con el pretexto de proteger la paz y la seguridad de su nación.

The articleist Rosa Mora explains in Al Mayadeen that the number of troops in any military base varies according to the members of service actives; But those estimates also show a panorama about what the priorities of the United States are.

“For example, the number of troops in Germany has decreased to the extent that it has increased in Italy, a country that is close to the Middle East and North Africa, which shows the growth of North American interests in that region.” .

Today, the Instituto de Investigación para la Paz Internacional, in Stockholm, calculates that the military expenditure of the United States is 800,000 million dollars annually, almost 40 percent of what is invested in weapons in the whole world.

The tendency is to strengthen the Department of Defense more and more, to the detriment of the Department of State.

In Africa, interests and actions are increasingly obscure. President Biden revoked the order of the former president, Donald Trump, and sent troops to Somalia, where violence has increased. Otro tanto ocurre con las bases en Níger.

Militares estudiantes en una de sus bases en Niger. Photo: Tomada de Hispantv

In 2019, Africom (el Mando de Estados Unidos para África, puesto en marcha el 1ro. de October de 2008), elaboró ​​una lista de algunas de las military bases de Estados Unidos en el continente Africano.

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Para ello distinguió entre las que tienen huellas duraderas (permanentes) y huellas no duraderas (semipermanentes). Entre las primeras contabilizó 13, entre las que se destacan Jibuti y Kenia, con dos cada una. Entre las semipermanentes contabilizaron 17, de las cuales Niger y Somalia tienen cuatro cada una.

These forces operate also as guarantors of the corporate interests of the West and the principles of capitalism. Son apoyadas, además, por tropas de Francia y de la OTAN.

El Comando Africom tiene su sede en Stuttgart, Alemania, aunque posée bases por todo el continente Africano.

On its website, Africom states that its «area of ​​responsibility» extends to 53 countries: all African States except Egypt, which is under the influence of the Central Command of the United States, and the Saharawi Arab Republic, which despite Being a full-fledged member state of the African Union, it is not recognized by the United States or NATO as such, because it is considered part of Morocco, contravening international legislation.

Investigaciones como las reflecadas por middleeasteye.net, la Universidad de Massachussetts o los specialists cited, concluyen que la introducción del Africom ha given como resultado menos seguridad.

The military bases of the United States in these regions generate a climate of hostility even greater than that which could exist in previous local conflicts. Son las guardianas de un poder externo y una de las agravantes de problemas internos. Son la punta de la belligerancia de un país con el resto del mundo pobre.