September 30, 2022

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Peru and Mexico: Two conquests of national and popular left

To Oscar Labord-.

Elections were held last Sunday in Peru and Mexico, two major elections for Latin America. One of the most symbolic coincidences between the two is a situation that is reflected in other countries of the region, the emergence of a popular left. It is not about a traditional place with an axis in the class struggle, nor about center-left or social democracy that triggers certain options for change.

This national and popular left emerges with particular clarity in Mexico, mentioned in the National Reconstruction Movement (Morena) created by Lopez Obrador, who left the PRI at the time, because the historic revolutionary party abandoned its founding policies and formed the BRD, among others, as he embraced the traditional political system. He resigned. In Peru, with the candidacy of Professor Point Castillo, it culminated in Chile, with struggles that led to more marginalized departments and students outside the traditional structures of left and progressiveism, calling for the transformation of a new constituency. It was no more or less than 40 years old, which was done at the behest of Pinochet and could not be changed even under socialist governments. In Colombia, a similar phenomenon appears in protest.

In Mexico, Morena and its allies united on this occasion in the face of the ever-hostile alliance of traditional parties (Pan-PR-PRD). Lopez Obrador and his allies seized 10 governors from the opposition, thus controlling 16 states, half of the country. This is an unprecedented regional development for the ruling party in the by-elections. They also won elections for delegates to win 280 of the 500 seats, with the majority in the House of Representatives.

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The epic victory of the next president, Professor Point Pedro Castillo, took place in Peru. The union leader who led the teachers’ strike in 2017 shocked Peru, against the union leadership. The leader of the peasant rounds, the traditional creation of the Andes for self-defense against the abandonment of the state and this often applies to social justice. Castillo claims to be a seafarer, following in the footsteps of a communist leader who proposed to look at Marxism through Latin American eyes. A Plebian, a member of the rural left who represents the most important section of the population who have been forgotten, hated, neglected, humiliated and affected by structural poverty.

This panorama, to be complete, must be understood in the context in which it occurs: the Latin American people are fighting fiercely against neo-liberal measures. That struggle, which began to crystallize in Chile, will certainly be transformed into a new constitution to leave Pinochetista in the past, and this is evident in the current massive mobilizations across Colombia. But, in addition, in Brazil, it has a neurological point to Bolzano’s growing contempt, and Lula is adamant that he will be a candidate and that he will return to the presidency.

Of course we are in a full fight situation. It is registered against the rights to learn to go together. Don’t make the mistakes that sometimes occur in popular movements when traveling the paths of decay, eventually confusing allies, or even being enemies with enemies.

The biggest challenge will be that the people’s movement is at the peak of facing this new giant opportunity that is opening up in Latin America. With unity, intelligence, breadth and generosity.

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* Barlasur is the leader of the observation of democracy