The objectives set out in that World Organization’s 2030 agenda are increasingly far removed from the various and complex challenges exacerbated by the Govt-19 epidemic, which includes many organizations, especially the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. Agriculture (FAO), in Rome.
To learn about the organization’s participation in the New York event, Brenza Latina spoke with its chief economist and deputy director general of the Department of Economic and Social Development, Maximo Toro, in the capital on expert inequality in comprehensive research work focusing on poverty.
Born in Lima, Peru, on May 27, 1967, Toro completed his master ‘and doctoral degrees in economics at the University of California in 1993 and 1998.
Toro, an expert on key issues for the FAO such as the fight against hunger and food production, recalled that the summit of food organizations was a continuation of a preparatory meeting held in Rome last July, which was formed in almost 18 months.
Noting the importance of the conference, he pointed out that the Govt-19 epidemic would put about 160 million people in famine by 2020, bringing the number of people burdened by that plague to 811 million worldwide.
That means we will be far from reaching the goal of zero hunger by 2030, not only because, in addition, three billion people are without healthy foods, the most serious problems are chronic malnutrition and obesity, which include the impact of environmental degradation and climate change.
These factors make up the summit, he explained, given the urgency of “doing something if we are to return to the course of what we want to achieve”.
The summit he assessed was able to create a movement that seeks to draw attention to these issues, but similar to the sustainable development goals of the IN 2030 agenda, from the perspective of an organization where all factors are interrelated.
In this sense, he noted that over-production of food would affect natural resources and emissions of pollutants, factors that countries should take into account when deciding on ways to achieve this goal.
Features that are exactly in line with the FAO program in agro-food systems are – he explained – because it is agriculture and food, because agriculture not only generates food – it also generates income – fiber, clothing – allowing people to buy food.
But it also produces food, so it is necessary to evaluate the whole system on how to change this situation and make the necessary change in favor of the proposed objectives, without reaching any of its dimensions so far.
Toro said the organization based its performance on the search for better nutrition, environment and livelihood in the highly efficient and productive agri-food industry.
In this strategy, he highlighted the four generators, ‘Innovation, Information, Technology and Filling What We Say’.
Governments, businesses and civil society
Regarding the role of governments and people in efforts to eradicate hunger and malnutrition in the world, the expert said the FAO is a technical assistance unit whose role is to attract information, science, evidence and as many partners as possible.
Governments, for their part, “play a fundamental role in creating the environment so that this can happen, and investments can happen.”
He also noted how much private sector companies can contribute by being responsible for what they do if they use soil degradation practices.
It is not going to simply destroy extensive agriculture, it is about sustainable agriculture, it should be taken into account, he said.
He spoke in support of the US Alliance, but said that maintaining some independence was important for civil society.
We all play a role, he said briefly, and we must act together because if everyone goes their own way, he is not going to achieve anything until now.
The FAO chief economist lists conflicts, climate change, recession and sluggish economic growth as major causes of food crises, highlighting the ‘major recession’ caused by the epidemic, which has exacerbated inter-country inequalities.
Toro pointed out the importance of supporting small countries because ‘if they are wrong, at the end of the day we are all going wrong, we are very much in touch with each other and then we need to change the way we think as a team. It is connected with conflicts and other things. ‘
He acknowledged the importance of the conflict and the political measures taken by some countries, and in this regard, he believed that “the time has come to begin to understand hunger and starvation as a human problem.” That human right cannot be violated. ‘
Orp / Junior High School
Prinza Latina reporter in Italy