(By Marianella Mayer, Special Envoy) The integration of Latin America is one of the central themes of the Seventh Meeting of the Puebla Group, which took place this week in Mexico City. To lay the foundations needed to launch the project for the Latin American Union.
This new “Roadmap of Latin American Progressivism” based on gender and a different approach is expressed in six axes: social inequality, the search for value, a new economic policy, environmental change, integration into the construction of the region and the new. Democratic system.
Alocio Mercadante, former Brazilian Minister of Education and Founder of the Council, said the Latin American Union was the central objective of the initiative so that the region could be “further integrated and strengthened” to face a world of inequality and profound technological change. Press conference.
“If we do not unite, none of this will happen. We have never been as disorganized as we are now, and integration is not necessary now,” Colombian President Ernesto Chamberlain said in an interview.
The forum’s co-ordinator accused Latin American right-wing governments of committing “the great sin of ideological integration” in regional clubs in recent years, not for ideological or political reasons.
The former president said that “political unification is one thing and ideological tribalism is another.”
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Ricardo Patino, a former Ecuadorian foreign minister and member of the House, described conservative Latin American governments as “myopic” who seek to undermine regional integration by abandoning mechanisms such as the Union of South American States (UNASUR) or the Latin American community. And Caribbean States (Selag).
“In a globalized world made up of blocks, not being integrated as a block is completely irresponsible and suicidal,” he told the Tele.
A situation reflected in epidemics, in which the unequal access and distribution of vaccines on the planet underscores the suitability of the modules when negotiating with laboratories and major powers.
Former Spanish President Jose Luis Rodrguez Zapatero told reporters at the meeting that “empires are hard to hear. The strongest in general must at least make a great effort to get closer to the strong.”
In this sense, the idea of a new regional camp defended by a group of people not only includes a trade and commerce association like Mercosur, but also a political union with a free movement of people and knowledge.
“Vision focuses on a large country where there is a need for independent movement of people, goods, services, cultures and identities and regional self-sufficiency,” former Paraguayan Health Minister Esperanza Martínez explained to Télam.
Argentine Women’s Minister Elizabeth Gomez Alcorda cited the case of the European Union (EU), which, in her opinion, was able to achieve regional integration with languages, histories and 27 different countries. Religions.
“Why not us? We are fraternal nations, we have the same colonial team and almost the whole region. We share language and common history, but also a common future,” he said.
To address the challenges posed by this model of solidarity development, the Puebla Group decided to support the proposal to “resurrect Selag” by Argentine President Alberto Fernandez and his Mexican representative, Andrs Lபpez Obrador. In Latin America and the Caribbean.
“We will create a cell that is compatible with all nations, a kind of American States Organization (OAS) without the United States,” Chamber added: “We do not need the United States as the Dean of our own discipline. Processes of integration.”
To this end, the forum proposes to launch Unasur from the “integration matrix” designed to achieve a celluloid “different from the current situation, with greater power, greater political weight and technical support”.
As noted in the text, it is about “strengthening the global south” as part of a new program of regional group diversity to govern the world, looking at neighboring countries or allies.
To inspire this project, many in Puebla – members of the venue themselves – are welcoming the victory of former Brazilian president and favorite in the ballot, Luis Inacio Lula da Silva, in the upcoming presidential election by the South American giant. October 2022.
“Lula’s victory may be an expression of the most important axis of progressive internationalism, the three governments in strategically concerned countries: Brazil, Mexico and Argentina,” Colombian Senator Evan Sepeda told the Telem.
Zapatero also shared an opinion that the way to complete the independence processes of Latin American countries was the unification and union of Latin America.
“That way they will be strong enough to resist interference,” he estimated.
Over the past two and a half years, the Puebla Group has integrated into its ranks the presidents of Argentina and Bolivia, 12 former heads of state and more than a hundred progressive leaders – ministers, parliamentarians, legal experts, academics and observers. From Latin America, the Caribbean and Europe.
“We have a permanent dialogue with leaders, senators, delegates, foreign ministers, and heads of state, and we participate in only one thing: Latin American integration,” said Marco Enriquez-Ominami, a former Chilean presidential candidate and forum coordinator. To Telem. (தெலாம்)