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The Sandinistas remember the operation against Somoza with a protagonist in prison

This content was published on 23 August 2022 – 02:58

Managua, 22 ago (EFE).- El gobernante Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN) evocó este lunes el 44 aniversario de la operación “Muerte al Somocismo”, que debilitó la dictadura de Anastasio Somoza Debayle, overthrown a year después, with una de sus protagonistas, actualmente opositora, por segundo año en prisión.

The vice president of Nicaragua, Rosario Murillo, said through official media that this operation was a “historical moment of courage and bravery” of the FSLN – and then a guerrilla -, mainly from “los compañeros and compañeras who participated as members of the commando. glorioso Rigoberto López Pérez en la operación Muerte al Somocismo”.

The operation, denominated officially with the name “Muerte al Somocismo”, was led by the deceased Edén Pastora, conocido como “Comandante Cero”, who later called it “Operación Chanchera (corral for pigs)” because in the National Palace it functioned in the Congress. y el Senado, y él comparaba a los pututados con los cerdos.

El número 1 y número 2 del commando “Rigoberto López Pérez”, conformado por 25 combatientes, fueron los guerrillaros históricos Sandinistas Hugo Torres y Dora María Téllez, respectively.

Torres, one of the most audacious guerrilla fighters in the fight against the Somoza dictatorship, died on February 12 while being accused of being accused by his former comrade in arms, president Daniel Ortega, who was released from prison for “treason” la patria”.

En tanto Téllez, de 66 años, sigue guardo prisión tras ser condenada a ocho años por delitos considerados “traición a la patria”.

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Torres y Téllez occupied high positions during the first Sandinista Government (1979-1990) after participating in suicide operations that allowed the liberation of “political prisoners” during the time of Somoza.

Sin embargo, se distanciaron de Ortega por la que conducía el FSLN, y se maron al antiguo Movimiento Renovador Sandinista (MRS), ahora llamado Unión Democrática Renovadora (Unamos).

MURILLO: DÍA DE ORGULLO NACIONAL

Murillo dijo que los survivientes de ese operativo, con excepción de Téllez, a la que no mentionó, se reunieron con miembros de la Juventud Sandinista, el brazo juvenil del FSLN.

“Today is un día de orgullo nacional, evocamos, recallamos, nos sentimos inspirados, por ese heroísmo, esa audacia, audacia heroica, esa osadía, también heroica, el desafío a la brutal genocida dictadura somocista, con una acción que nos immortalizó a todos , como pueblo precisely valiente, noble, luchador y como Frente Sandinista de Liberation Nacional”, destacó.

On that day, on Tuesday, August 22, 1978, a Sandinista commando composed of 25 guerrillas dressed as military cadets pretended to be part of the elite forces of the National Guard and disarmed the security guards of the Congress with the excuse that they were missing. Somoza Debayle, según han relatado los protagonistas.

Once inside the Congress, which presided over Luis Pallais Debayle, first brother of Somoza Debayle, the “Comandante Cero” announced that it was an assault led by the FSLN and they took hostages to the deputies to demand the freedom of dozens of guerrillas who se encontraban en prisión.

After almost three days of negotiations, with the mediation of the then archbishop of Managua, Miguel Obando, the guerrillas managed to issue various communiqués from the FSLN in official communication media, received half a million dollars, and the guarantee of leaving Nicaragua with prisoners. politicos liberados.

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The “Operación Chanchera”, according to the Sandinistas, was the beginning of the end of the dictatorship of Somoza Debayle, who then confronted the leaders of the National Guard who questioned him for giving up on negotiations instead of ordering liberation with the forces. de las armas del Palacio Nacional.

For the FSLN, founded in 1961 as a Marxist-Leninist court guerrilla movement, it became one of the most emblematic guerrilla operations in the fight against Somoza, and put the conflict on the global media radar. EFE

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