July 2, 2022


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The world’s largest river fish is called Arabima and lives in the Amazon (+ photos)


Arabima (Arabima gigas) is the world’s largest river fish and the second largest freshwater fish, next to the Belgian sturgeon that inhabits the Black Sea.

This race It is more than three meters long and weighs up to 250 kilograms. Its shade is well known to the inhabitants of the Amazon Basin: it has an elongated body with thick scales that protect it from piranha attacks and form a silver shape with edges that can pick up red and occasionally yellow.

Also known as baiche or bruce, This freshwater giant mainly eats other small fish and occasionally crustaceans and plankton. Despite its size, there are no records of attacks on humans; However, its fishing carries the risk of catching an animal of its own weight.

Arabima, Arabima Gigas. Joint image. Portugal. Joint image. Image: Paulo de Oliveira / Biosphoto / Biosphoto via AFP.

Its distribution is due to lack of oxygen in shallow water and swamps in the Amazon Basin. Arabima, adapted to live in vegetative waters Prefers places with low current and should go outside to breathe at least every 20 minutes.

Its existence has been with the Amazon people for thousands of years. Its hunting techniques are named in the oral tradition of different regions, beating it in shallow water or using harbors to shake it.

It is a food and economic resource for the riverside cities because its meat is precious and is usually sold in markets: A person weighing 200 kg can shed 60 kg of meat.

Image: AFP / MAMIRAUA Institute of Sustainable Development / Bernardo Oliveira.

In the 1970s, The The indiscriminate hunting caused the fall of creatures in different places across the Amazon.

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This problem led to measures such as conducting censuses and restricting annual fishing to the estimated number of individuals in the wild, and allowing only local communities to fish, reducing the number of foreigners who traveled with them. This species is the only species for fishing and commercial exploitation.

In the last decade, Giant Arabima scenes are spot on. Thus, in recent years the Amazonian communities have not only redoubled their efforts to protect their breeding grounds, but also allow them to maintain sustainable fishing communities, exploit them commercially, and improve their quality of life.


(Taken from this National Geography)