- BBC News World
In a decision that embodied the spirit and symbolism of the new constitutional conference that opened this Sunday in Chile, Eliza Lonson was elected head of the organization that was to draft a new constitution.
This Sunday, 155 members of the Constituent Assembly elected Lonson, a 58-year-old Native woman, to head the body that will create the new Magna Carta, which will replace the current one, derived from the dictatorship. Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990).
In the second round of the conference’s inaugural session, a Mapuche teacher, linguist and activist – Chile’s aboriginal – was elected by an absolute majority (96 votes), which was suspended for nearly an hour after a group of members protested after clashes between police and protesters in the center of Santiago.
“To thank the support of the various alliances who gave their confidence and kept their dreams at the call of the Mapuche Nation, To vote for someone Mapuche person, woman, change the history of this country “Lonson said this Sunday.
“You can talk to us, do not be afraid of us, because a lot of politics of fear is established. In other words, a native, Mapuche candidate is established, and there are a lot of prejudices. So, this is a call to free ourselves from our lives. Communicate with prejudices and equivalents,” said the Chilean daily La Tercera Lawson said in a recent interview with.
The agreement between the parties is that the chairman of the conference will rotate, but it is not yet defined how long each term will be chaired by the legislature.
“In these moments when all people expect the best in us, I appreciate the support provided so far. We can create the multi-organ Chile we dream of together,” Loncon said on his Twitter account this Sunday.
Born in Triguan, La Araucania, southern Mapuche Castle, Lonsan spent his childhood in the Lefwellen community. The volume recently announced in an interview with the Spanish newspaper “El Boss” that he had to “travel eight kilometers from his home in the Mapuch community” to get to school.
Most of his family still live in that community.
He holds a bachelor’s degree in English from La Frontera University in La Arcania and a Masters in Social Studies from The Hague and the University of Regina, Canada.
He holds a PhD in Humanities from Leiden University in the Netherlands and a PhD in Literature from the University of Pontifia Catalica de Chile.
One of the key debates for the creation of the new Magna Carta was his election symbol of recognizing the tribal people.
One of the basic themes of the conference was the definition of rights for indigenous communities and the discussion of a pluralistic state.
The constitutional conference, set up this Sunday, will include 17 tribal representatives from the ten original Chilean peoples recognized by the government, including the Mapuchess, Aymara, Quechua and Diquidas.
One of the demands of these communities is the creation of a pluralistic state in which their autonomy and rights are recognized. In addition, they raise the need for guarantees on a regional basis and the recognition of their culture and language.
“This is a big issue, it’s going to cost a lot of historical repairs there. Obviously it’s complicated because it touches property rights. But it’s basic. The New Zealand and Canadian models are very interesting,” he proposed in an interview with BBC Mundo a few weeks ago. Juan Pablo Luna, Doctor of Political Science and Professor at the Catholic University of Chile.
In some countries of Latin America, Chile and Uruguay do not explicitly recognize indigenous peoples in the Constitution.
Both Bolivia and Ecuador, on the other hand, not only recognize these peoples, but have chosen to embed the diversity of the state in their constitutions.
Luna argues that the inclusion of guaranteed and recognized rights in the constitution for indigenous communities does not only represent a strong symbolic effect.
“There are many countries in Latin America that have incorporated these rights, and today they are justified, just as they are in Brazil or Colombia. Health has been prosecuted in the courts since it was recognized as a constitutional right,” he recalled.
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